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CBN Cuts OMO Rates By 12bps Keeping Up The Theme Of The Week




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The Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) moved, has the Bonds market continued down the bullish train, as demand from lost bids in the previous day’s FGN bond auction flowed into the secondary market.


Indicator Value Commentary
Inflation 13.22% As at August 2020. A 40bps increase from 12.82% recorded in July 2020
MPR 11.50% 100bps cut by MPC as at September 22, 2020.
External Reserves $35.77bp As at Sep. 23, 2020. A c.0.04% decrease from $35.78bp on Sep. 22, 2020
Brent Crude $41.93pb As at Sep. 24, 2020. A c.0.91% increase from $42.10pb on Sep. 23, 2020

FGN Bonds

The market, again, opened uncertain of where levels will settle in the first trading hour. Improved bids began to firm up for some of the auction-offered bonds (2026s, 2035s, and 2050s), while interest on the 2045s waned.

With the market net-long ahead of the auction, it didn’t take long before supply from dealers flooded the markets, causing a slight pull-back in yields. Nonetheless, yields compressed by c.28bps on the average across the benchmark yield curve to close the session.

We expect the market to remain volatile for the week’s final trading session, with offers expected to improve some more as bondholders look to sell-off old stock at these lower levels.

Benchmark FGN Bonds
Description Bid (%) Offer (%) Day Change (%)
16.39 27-Jan-22 2.86 1.84 (1.14)
12.75 27-Apr-23 4.45 1.96 (0.10)
14.20 14-Mar-24 4.44 2.15 (0.11)
13.53 23-Mar-25 4.62 3.76 (0.53)
12.50 22-Jan-26 6.23 5.85 (0.02)
16.29 17-Mar-27 7.68 5.93 (0.02)
13.98 23-Feb-28 7.99 6.28 0.19
14.55 26-Apr-29 7.95 7.25 (0.11)
12.15 18-Jul-34 9.17 7.98 (0.33)
12.40 18-Mar-36 9.21 7.89 (0.29)
16.2499 18-Apr-37 9.23 8.00 (0.32)
14.80 26-Apr-49 9.25 8.76 (0.55)

Treasury Bills

The T-bills market had a quieter session today, as market participants shifted their focus to the supply from the OMO auction floated by the CBN. Rates continued to move lower in the secondary market for most of the session, with little volume s passed. Consequently, Rates on the benchmark OMO curve dropped by another c.39bps on the average to close the session.

CBN Bond

At the primary auction, the CBN issued a total of N70BN while cutting the stop rates by c.12bps on the average across the three tenors on offer. Demand remained skewed towards the long-dated paper offered (348-day) with a bid-to-cover ratio of c.3.01X, as foreign portfolio investors hunt for the highest yield available.

We expect a more active market to close out the week, as the CBN is expected to drain system liquidity via various debits while supply from the auction flows to the secondary markets.

Primary Market Auction Result
OMO – Sept. 24, 2020
Tenor Rate (%) Offer (₦’bn) Sub (₦’bn) Sale (₦’bn) Previous Rate (%) Changes
75 days 4.770 10.00 58.00 10.00 4.860 -0.0009
180 days 7.600 10.00 38.10 10.00 7.680 -0.0008
355 days 8.700 50.00 150.62 50.00 8.880 -0.0018
Benchmark OMO Bills
Description Bid (%) Offer (%) Day Change (%)
NGOMO 10/1/2020 2.00 0.01 0.00
NGOMO 11/03/2020 2.00 0.01 0.00
NGOMO 12/01/2020 2.50 0.01 0.00
NGOMO 01/05/2021 2.50 0.01 0.00
NGOMO 02/02/2021 2.00 0.01 (1.00)
NGOMO 03/02/21 2.50 0.01 (0.50)
NGOMO 05/11/21 2.50 0.01 (0.50)
NGOMO 06/08/21 2.50 0.01 (1.00)
NGOMO 08/10/21 3.00 0.01 (0.50)
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Benchmark NTBills
Description Bid (%) Offer (%) Day Change (%)
NIGTB 10/1/2020 2.00 0.01 0.00
NIGTB 11/12/2020 2.00 0.01 0.00
NIGTB 12/31/2020 2.00 0.01 (0.50)
NIGTB 01/14/2021 2.50 0.01 0.00
NIGTB 02/11/2021 2.50 0.01 0.00
NIGTB 04/29/2021 2.50 0.01 0.00
NIGTB 05/13/21 3.00 0.01 0.00
NIGTB 06/10/21 3.00 0.01 0.00
NIGTB 07/01/21 3.00 0.01 (0.50)
NIGTB 08/26/21 3.00 0.01 (0.50)
Money Markets

System liquidity opened the day at N456BN positive and was further bolstered by inflows from OMO maturities (c.N230BN) and FX Retail FX refund (c.N.240BN). Interbank rates remained stable as the OMO sale of N70BN did little to stem the excess liquidity. OBB and OVN rates remained stable to closed at 1.00% and 1.83% respectively.

We expect rates to close the week considerably higher as outflows via FX

FX Retail debits and bond auction debits hit the system tomorrow. There also remains the outside chance for a CRR debit on local banks by the CBN to take some excess liquidity levels.

Money Markets
  Current (%) Previous (%)
Open Buy Back (OBB) 1.00 1.00
Overnight (O/N) 1.83 1.75
FX Market

The I&E Window traded on a more active note today, with traded volumes up 43% ($98.69mio traded) D/D. Despite rates trading in a tighter band of N7.34k (50k tighter D/D), the closing rate remained unchanged at N386.00. Other market segments also remained unchanged on the day.

With CBN expected to inject some liquidity via its bi-weekly Retail FX auction set for tomorrow, we don’t expect any significant movement in rates across the board to close out the week.

FX Market
Current (N/$) Previous ( N/$)
CBN Spot 379.00 379.00
CBN SMIS 380.69 380.69
I&E FX Window 386.00 386.00
Cash Market 465.00 465.00
Transfer Market 480.00 480.00

CBN Cuts OMO Rates By 12bps Keeping Up The Theme Of The WeekZENITH BANK


It was a pretty calm session for SSA Eurobonds despite general weak sentiments persisting for the sovereign papers The NIGERIA Sovereign curve weakened again by another c.17bps as offshore investors continue to stay in risk-off mode. We noted some recovery in EGYPTs and ANGOLAs as some buyers emerged for those names, but insignificant volumes are seen.

The NIGERIA Corporates had a relatively quiet session as well, with gains on the ZENITH 2022s (+95bps) singling it out as the star of the trading session.

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